Over the past 10 years, billions of dollars have been doled out to states for biohazard cleanup equipment in order to prepare themselves against biohazards and bioterrorism. Specific types of emergencies can include anthrax, smallpox, chemical emergencies, natural disasters and radiation emergencies. Each situation would include different types of biohazard cleaning equipment.
Most states along with the CDC have begun to prepare by providing equipment that is stored in facilities around each state. There is also the Strategic National Stockpile that will be delivered during a public health emergency such as a terrorist attack, flu outbreak, or other incident that forces local supplies to run out.
Biohazard cleaning equipment to be delivered will depend on the incident.
Some of the constant biohazard equipment that is needed is the following:
• Body fluid disposal kit
• Body fluid cleanup kit
• Mask with visor
• Absorbent towels
• Disposable gloves
• Bio hazard bags
• Absorbent powder
• Cleanup solution
• Disinfectant spray
• Disposable bags
• Disposable aprons
• Alcohol wipes
• Biohazard tags that read biohazard contaminated equipment
• Sharps container to hold syringes, blades, scalpels and broken vials
These items will help professionals in the cleanup of bodily fluid spills and reduce the spread of potential diseases.
The Environment Protection Agency (EFP) has developed procedures to assure the safety of workers and the public. The exposure to biological and chemical contaminants can pose serious health risks for those involved.
During a contamination incident, the following Hazmat equipment may be used:
• Decon shower system
• Portable heating system
• Portable hot shower system
• Decon deck systems
• Collapsible decontamination booth
• Decon shower sponge
Anyone exposed to the contamination will be showered and may be asked to throw away their clothes (link to biohazard damage article). Portable shelters may be used to house people until the incident is over.
Biohazard equipment has changed in the past 10 years due to the threat of terrorism after 9-11. Many government agencies have encouraged states to prepare for the worse case scenario so that more lives can be protected.